Sunday, 23 January 2022    HomeAbout UsContact Us     

You are here: Home / Articles
Ibn Taymiyyah on the One Who Believes in 'al-Jihah' (Direction) for Allaah
Filed under: Articles
Tuesday, December 01 2009 - by Abu.Iyaad
Key topics: Al-Jihah Jihah

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

There occurs Majmoo' ul-Fataawaa (5/262), a question posed to Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, under the chapter heading, "Issue: The one who believes in al-jihah (for Allaah), is He an innovator or a disbeliever?":

سئل شيخ الإسلام : - عمن يعتقد " الجهة " هل هو مبتدع أو كافر أو لا ؟

Shaykh ul-Islaam was asked about the one who believes in al-jihah (for Allaah), is He an innovator or a disbeliever?

So he responded:

أما من اعتقد الجهة ; فإن كان يعتقد أن الله في داخل المخلوقات تحويه المصنوعات وتحصره السموات ويكون بعض المخلوقات فوقه وبعضها تحته فهذا مبتدع ضال . وكذلك إن كان يعتقد أن الله يفتقر إلى شيء يحمله - إلى العرش أو غيره - فهو أيضا مبتدع ضال . وكذلك إن جعل صفات الله مثل صفات المخلوقين فيقول : استواء الله كاستواء المخلوق أو نزوله كنزول المخلوق ونحو ذلك فهذا مبتدع ضال ; فإن الكتاب والسنة مع العقل دلت على أن الله لا تماثله المخلوقات في شيء من الأشياء ودلت على أن الله غني عن كل شيء ودلت على أن الله مباين المخلوقات عال عليها . وإن كان يعتقد أن الخالق تعالى بائن عن المخلوقات وأنه فوق سمواته على عرشه بائن من مخلوقاته ليس في مخلوقاته شيء من ذاته ولا في ذاته شيء من مخلوقاته ; وأن الله غني عن العرش وعن كل ما سواه لا يفتقر إلى شيء من المخلوقات ; بل هو مع استوائه على عرشه يحمل العرش وحملة العرش بقدرته ولا يمثل استواء الله باستواء المخلوقين ; بل يثبت الله ما أثبته لنفسه من الأسماء والصفات وينفى عنه مماثلة المخلوقات ويعلم أن الله ليس كمثله شيء : لا في ذاته ولا في صفاته ولا أفعاله . فهذا مصيب في اعتقاده موافق لسلف الأمة وأئمتها

Which translates:

As for the one who believed in al-jihah (for Allaah), then if he believes that Allaah is within the created beings, being contained by the created things, and being encompassed by the heavens, such that some of the created things are above Him and some of them are beneath Him, then he is a straying innovator.

Likewise, if he believes that Allaah is in need of anything to carry Him - [in need] of the Throne and other than it - then he is also a straying innovator.

And likewise, if he made the attributes of Allaah to be like the attributes of the creatures, saying: The istiwaa (ascent) of Allaah is like the ascent of the creation, or His Nuzool (descent) is like the descent of the creation and what is like this, then he is a straying innovator.

For verily, the Book and the Sunnah, alongside [sound] intellect indicate that nothing from the created things are like Allaah in anything from the affairs, and they indicate that Allaah is free of need (ghaniyy) from everything, and they indicate that Allaah is separate from the created things, exalted, high above them.

And if he believes that the Creator, the Exalted, is separate and distinct (baa'in) from the created things, and that He is above His heavens, over His Throne, separate from His creatures, and that there is nothing from His essence inside the creatures, and that nothing from the creatures are inside His essence, and that Allaah is free of need of the Throne and everything that is besides it, not being dependent upon anything from the creatures - rather that He, alongside His istiwaa over the Throne, carries the Throne and the carrieres of the Throne with His power, and he does not liken the istiwaa of Allaah with the istiwaa of the creatures. Rather, he affirms for Allaah what He affirmed for Himself of Names and Attributes, and negates from Him any likeness to the creatures, and he knows that there is no likeness unto Allaah, neither in His Essence, His Attributes or His Actions, then such a one is correct in his belief, in agreement with the Salaf of the Ummah and its leading scholars.

Additional Notes

ONE: The word 'al-jihah' (direction) is from the innovated terms used by the innovators to negate for Allaah what they consider to be the qualities and incidental attributes of bodies, basing this upon Aristotle's "al-Maqoolaat al-Ashar" (the Ten Categories), around which the entirety of their Tawheed revolves, and this is why Imaam Ibn Suraij ash-Shaafi'ee (d. 306H) said, as narrated from him by Abu Ismaa'eel al-Harawi in "Dhamm ul-Kalaam" and as mentioned by Ibn Taymiyyah in "Bayaan Talbees al-Jahmiyyah":

توحيد اهل العلم وجماعة المسلمين أشهد أن لا اله الا الله وان محمدا رسول الله وتوحيد اهل الباطل الخوض في الأعراض والأجسام وانما بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بانكار ذلك

The Tawheed of the people of knowledge and the jamaa'ah of the Muslims is "I testify none is worthy of worship except Allaah (alone) and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah". And the Tawheed of the people of falsehood is disputing about al-a'raad (incidental attributes) and al-ajsaam (bodies) and the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was sent with the rejection of that.

You can learn more about this "Tawheed of al-Jawhar wal-Arad" by visiting our support group for people affected by it here: "Aristotelians Anonymous": the launch, and 1st workshop, and this article will also be of help.

TWO: The way of Ahl us-Sunnah is to neither affirm nor deny these terms until the meaning intended behind them is clarified. If it is a true meaning that is in agreement with the Book and the Sunnah, the meaning is accepted, the word is shunned, and the correct word(s) found in the revealed texts are used. And if it is a false meaning, then the meaning is rejected and the word is also rejected - for Ahl us-Sunnah, and this is a proof of their being upon the manifest truth, only speak about Allaah in both affirmation and negation, with what has come in the revealed texts, never departing from that, in the corroboration and affirmation of their creed. However, in refuting the innovators, Ahl us-Sunnah may make use of these terms (which originate with the Innovators) with a view of clarifying and explaining the truth, however this is not from the angle of corroborating these words (and the false meanings they imply), but rather to verify and separate out the true and correct meanings with their proper wordings from the innovated words.

THREE: The word 'al-jihah' is used with its correct meaning by certain Scholars. Take for example al-Qurtubi's characterization of the creed of the Salaf whom he says, "spoke with the affirmation of al-jihah" for Allaah (see this article). And likewise, Shaykh Abdul-Qadir al-Jeelaanee (d. 561H) also spoke with it, see this article here. And likewise Abu Sulaymaan al-Khattaabee (d. 386H), see this article here. And they are all referring to a correct meaning, upon the way that Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah has explained above, even though we hold that using this term is not befitting.

FOUR: The innovators, the Philosophers, Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah and Later Ash'ariyyah (the early Kullaabi Ash'aris affirmed Allaah's uluww, with His Essence) are all united upon rejecting Allaah is above the Throne, above the heaven, with His essence, upon the same language, terminology and classification that they took from the atheist philosophers. To learn why they deny this, please visit the lecture of al-Ustaadh Abu Nicomachus Aristotle bin Nicomachus (d. 322BC) in this article here. In fact the later Ash'arites simply reverted back to the sayings of kafirs like Ibn Sinaa (d. 429H) see this article here, and the Philosophers and Jahmiyyah who said, "Allaah is not within the universe nor outside of it", or "Allaah is not within created things, or outside of created things". So this is where the deen of the later Ash'arites is derived from. As for the early Kullaabi Ash'aris, they affirmed Allaah is above the Throne, with His Essence. See this series of articles for more information.

Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.

Belief in Allaah
Belief in the Angels
Belief in Revealed Books
Belief in the Messengers
Belief in the Last Day
Belief in the Divine Decree
Belief in the Unseen
Faith and Disbelief
The Prophet's Companions
Rulers and Rulership
The Innovators
The Signs of the Last Hour
Latest Articles
Disbelief of the One Who Denies Sun's Motion Around the Earth
A Brief Biography of Harb bin Ismail al-Kirmani (d. 280H)
Abu Uthman al-Sabuni (d. 449H): The Distinguishing Signs of Ahl al-Bid'ah
Muhammad Hijab, the Falasifah, Mutafalsifah and Jahmiyyah: Laying the Foundations for the Dīn of the Philosophers and Jahmites
Abu Taymiyyah Jeylani's Student and the Principle of Jahm bin Safwaan
The Difference Between Ru'yah, Idraak and Ihaatah with Respect to Seeing Allaah
Shaykh Hamud al-Tuwayjuree on the Claims of Moon Travel and Inhabitation
Big Bang Cosmology and the Quran: A Response to Muslim Apologists Using Scientific Conjectures to Explain the Qur'an
The Permanent Committee of Scholars on Ibn Taymiyyah, Ahl al-Kalām and Tasalsul (Endless Chain of Events)
Shaykh Ibn al-Uthaymin and Ibn Taymiyyah on the Hadiths Relating to the First Creation
Search This Site

 Other Websites

Most Popular
The Meaning and Importance of 'Aqidah'
The Khilaafah Lasted for 30 Years Then There Was Kingship Which Allaah Gives To Whomever He Pleases
The Splitting of the Muslim Ummah: Part 1 - The Completion and Perfection of the Religion and The Way of the Companions
Muhammad Hijab, the Falasifah, Mutafalsifah and Jahmiyyah: Laying the Foundations for the Dīn of the Philosophers and Jahmites
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 1 - Introduction
Imaam al-Sa'dee: What is the Definition of Tawheed and What Are Its Types?
Want to Understand Aqidah Properly? Then You Must Learn and Understand History!
The Splitting of the Muslim Ummah: Part 3 - An Overview of the Various Deviant Sects and Corrupt Creeds and Methodologies
Translation of the Laamiyyah Poem Ascribed to Ibn Taymiyyah
The Splitting of the Muslim Ummah: Part 2 - The Emergence of the Sects and the Heads of Misguidance

ض abdul-ghaniyy al-maqdisi abdul-majeed az-zindani abdul-qadir al-jeelaanee abdullaah bin zubayr al-humaidee abu bakr al-isma'ili abu bakr al-ismaa'eelee abu hanifah abu ja'far al-tawahi abu yusuf abul-hasan alee ad-daraqutnee accounting ad-daraqutni ahl ul-kitaab ahmad ahmad bin hanbal ahmad ibn hanbal al-bannah al-barbahaaree al-fawzaan al-hisaab al-humaidi al-humaydee al-ikhwaan al-muslimeen al-istiwaa al-jihah al-laalikaa'ee al-mareesee al-meezaan al-qadaa wal-qadar al-qadar al-qusree al-sa'dee al-uluww al-walaa wal-baraa allaah's speech an-najmee aqidah ar-radd alal-jahmiyyah as-siraat asbaab assim al-hakeem astronomy atheism atheists barbahaaree barbahari belief in allaah bid'ah big bang bishr bridge companions cosmology creation creed daniel dennet darwinism disbelief divine decree early ash'aris eemaan endless chain evolution faith faith in allaah fawzan firaq gospel hamza tzortzis harb hisaab history ibn abee duwaad ibn battah al-ukbaree ibn dirham ibn safwaan ibn taymiyyah iera iftiraaq ihsaan ikhwaan imaam ahmad imaan imam mahdi injeel innovations innovators irjaa' islaam ismaa'eel bin yahyaa al-muzanee ja'd jahm jahmiyyah jihah kalam cosmological argument khilaafah kingship kirmani kufr kullaabiyyah laamiyyah ibn taymiyyah magians mahdi majoos meezaan moon travel mu'tazilah muhammad hijab new atheists nuzool ordainment people of the book predestination qadar qadariyyah qur'an quran richard dawkins ru'yah sahaabah sam harris scales scrolls sharh us-sunnah sharh usool i'tiqaad sharh usool i'tiqaad ahlis-sunnah wal-jamaa'ah sharh usoolil-i'tiqaad ahlis-sunnah wal-jamaa'ah sharhus-sunnah sifaat siraat suhuf suroor surooree taaloot tableegh tadmuriyyah tafarruq tahaawiyyah tajahhum tasalsul tawheed tawhid tawrat torah twelve khalifahs usool us-sunnah ways and means yasir qadhi yoonus ibn 'ubaid yoonus ibn ubaid zaboor

January 2022
December 2021
November 2021
October 2021
September 2021
August 2021
July 2021
June 2021
May 2021
April 2021
March 2021
February 2021
January 2021
December 2020
November 2020
October 2020
September 2020
August 2020
July 2020
June 2020
May 2020
April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013

© Aqidah.Com. All rights reserved.
Maktabah Salafiyyah