Sunday, 26 February 2017    HomeAbout UsContact Us     



You are here: Home / Sects / The Jahmiyyah
The First Deniers of Allaah's Speech: A Chain of Evil Narrators
Filed under: The Jahmiyyah
Sunday, December 13 2009 - by Abu.Khadeejah.SP
Key topics: Allaah's Speech Qur'an Ja'd Ibn Dirham Jahm Ibn Safwaan Bishr Al-Mareesee Ibn Abee Duwaad Taaloot Jahmiyyah Al-Qusree

Bookmark and Share

Mail to a FriendPrinter friendly

A Brief Historical Look at When and Who First Spoke with the Innovation that the Speech of Allaah is Created

None of the Companions (radhi Allaahu 'anhum) have narrated anything in this affair, and this deviation was unknown in their times. They believed in everything that was revealed in the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (salallaahu 'alaihi wassallam) regarding that which Allaah described Himself with and that which the Messenger affirmed for him, from His Speech, His Hearing, His Seeing and other than that.

Shaikh al-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah (d. 728H) stated in Minhaaj as-Sunnah (6/336):

And the intent is that the Sahaabah, may Allaah be pleased with them, never fought each other due to any difference in a fundamental from the fundamentals (qawaa'id) of Islaam. And they did not differ in anything from the principles of Islaam; not in the Attributes (sifaat of Allaah); not in the Pre-Decree (al-qadar); not in the affairs of titles and passing rulings; and not in the affairs of rulership.

They did not differ in this in terms of quarelsome speech, let alone fighting each other with the sword - rather they were firmly established as it relates to the Attributes of Allaah that He informed of regarding Himself. They would negate from Him (the Most High) any resemblence to the creation.

Who were the First to Openly State their Denial of the Speech of Allaah?

What is shown in the books of 'aqeedah [1] is that the first who is known to have made apparent his denial of the Speech of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, was al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham (ex. 124H) and this was at the end of the era of Banu Umayyah.

So when he made open his wicked speech, the rulers of Banu Umayyah called for him, so he fled to Koofah in Iraaq. He was arrested and then executed on the day of 'Eid al-Adhaa by Khaalid ibn Abdullaah al-Qusree - a representative and worker of Banu Umayyah in Koofah. During the course of his Khutbah to the people, he said:

O people! Sacrifice! May Allaah accept your sacrifices, and indeed I will sacrifice ja'd ibn Dirham! Indeed he claims that Allaah did not take Ibraaheem as a friend (i.e. as a khaleel); and that He did not speak to Moosaa directly - High is Allaah, the Exalted, the Great, above what al-Ja'd is saying... then al-Qasree descended and slaughtered al-Ja'd at the foot of the mimbar. [2]

However before this misguided one was executed he passed his innovation on to Jahm Ibn Safwaan of Tirmidh (executed in 128H) whome he met in Koofah. He was then banished to Tirmidh and remained their until he was executed in Asbahaan or (as it is said) in Marw by Salam ibn Ahwaz.

Then this innovated speech passed from the followers of Jahm to Bishr al-Mareesee (d. 218H) who was the head of the Jahmiyyah and their scholar in his time. And he is Bishr ibn Ghiyaath ibn Abee Kareemah al-Mareesee. He was from the people of opinion (As'haab ur-Rayy) who busied himself with 'ilm al-kalaam (intellect-based theological rhetoric) and he claimed, amongst other evil saying that have been narrated from him, that the Qur'aan was created - the scholars charged him with unbelief due to these sayings. The sect known as the Mareesiyyah are ascribed to him. [3]

Then Ahmad Ibn Abee Duwaad (d. 240H)[4] took this corrupt 'aqeedah from Bishr. And it was he who incited the ruler al-Ma'moon al-'Abbaasee to set up the mihnah (i.e. the inquisition) and the compelling of the people to say that the Qur'aan is created. Many, many people were put to trial and were compelled to agree - however the Imaam of the Sunnah, Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah, died 241H), remained steadfast upon the truth and remained patience even though he was beaten and tortured.

So we know from that which has has preceeded that the first to propound the belief in the 'negation of the Speech of Allaah' from those who ascribed themselves to Islaam was al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham (executed 124H); and we can see that he had successors who inherited this doctrine from him and led astray many many people. However, do we have any indication where al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham learnt his evil doctrine?

We have that which has been mentioned by Ibn Asaakir and others that:

Al-Ja'd Ibn Dirham took his saying from Bayaan ibn Sam'aan; and Bayaan ibn Sam'aan [5] took it from Taaloot the son of the sister of Labeed ibn al-A'sam; and that Taaloot took it from his maternal uncle Labeed - and this is the Jew who did magic upon Allaah's Messenger (salallaahu 'alaihi wassallam) and he used to say that the Tawraat was created![6]

From this you can see how corruption entered the Ummah and who are the true founders of those sects that outright deny, distort and explain away the lofty Attributes of Allaah, from them His Speech (kalaam). May Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, protect us from misguidance in all of it's forms - and all praise is due to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.

Notes

[1] See Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah 2/382, al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah 9/35, Fatawaa Ibn Taimiyyah 12/26, al-Wasaa'il fee Ma'rifatil-Awaa'il 121.

[2] See al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah 9/35, Mizaan al-I'tidaal of adh-Dhahabee 1/399.

[3] See his biography in Taareekh Baghdaad of al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee 7/56, Wafayaat al-A'yaan of Ibn Khalakaan 1/277, al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah of Ibn Katheer 10/281, Mizaan al-I'tidaal of adh-Dhahabee 1/322, and Siyar A'laam an-Nubalaa of adh-Dhahabee 10/200.

[4] Siyar A'laam an-Nubalaa of adh-Dhahabee 11/169.

[5] And he is Bayaan ibn Sam'aan an-Nahdee from Banee Tameem. He appeared in Iraaq sometime after 100H. He claimed that 'Ali (radhi Allaahu 'anhu) was divine and that 'Ali had within him a divine portion united with his human portion; and then divinity passed after him to Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah and then to Abu Haashim the son of Ibn al-Hanafiyyah and then after him to Bayaan ibn Sam'aan. Ibn Numair said: "Khaalid ibn Abdul-Malik al-Qusree executed him and burnt him in fire." See Mizaan al-I'tidaal 1/357.

[6] al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah 9/350, Al-Wasaa'il fi Ma'rifatil-Awaa'il of as-Suyootee 131-132.



Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Related Articles:
Add a Comment (comments are currently moderated)
You must be registered and logged in to comment.


Site Categories
Belief in Allaah
Belief in the Angels
Belief in Revealed Books
Belief in the Messengers
Belief in the Last Day
Belief in the Divine Decree
Belief in the Unseen
Faith and Disbelief
The Prophet's Companions
Rulers and Rulership
The Innovators
The Signs of the Last Hour
Latest Articles
Abu Taymiyyah Jeylani's Student and the Principle of Jahm bin Safwaan
The Difference Between Ru'yah, Idraak and Ihaatah with Respect to Seeing Allaah
Big Bang Cosmology and the Quran: A Response to Muslim Apologists Using Scientific Conjectures to Explain the Qur'an
The Permanent Committee of Scholars on Ibn Taymiyyah, Ahl al-Kalām and Tasalsul (Endless Chain of Events)
Shaykh Ibn al-Uthaymin and Ibn Taymiyyah on the Hadiths Relating to the First Creation
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 5 - The Origins of Space, Time and Matter in the View of the Jahmites
Debate Between a Majoosee and a Qadaree on a Ship
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 4 - Laying the Foundations For Instituting the Deen of the Jahmites
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 3 - Ibn Taymiyyah on the Path of Ahl al-Kalaam, Their Greatest Foundation and Its Consequences
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 2 - The Usool of al-Jahm bin Safwan and Ahl al-Kalaam
Gender of Arabic Nouns link
Search This Site

 Other Websites
 TawhidFirst.Com
 AboveTheThrone.Com
 Asharis.Com
 Maturidis.Com
 Bidah.Com
 IbnTaymiyyah.Com

Most Popular
The Meaning and Importance of 'Aqidah'
The Khilaafah Lasted for 30 Years Then There Was Kingship Which Allaah Gives To Whomever He Pleases
Advice Regarding Hamza Tzortzis and Company (iERA): Part 1 - Introduction
The Splitting of the Muslim Ummah: Part 1 - The Completion and Perfection of the Religion and The Way of the Companions
Translation of the Laamiyyah Poem Ascribed to Ibn Taymiyyah
Want to Understand Aqidah Properly? Then You Must Learn and Understand History!
Usamah Hasan, Darwinism, Evolutionary Forces and the Creation of Man - Part 3: Looking at Usamah's Citations of Evidence
The Splitting of the Muslim Ummah: Part 3 - An Overview of the Various Deviant Sects and Corrupt Creeds and Methodologies
Usamah Hasan, Darwinism, Evolutionary Forces and the Creation of Man - Part 1: General Observations
Loyalty and Disownment For the Aqidah: Yunus bin Ubayd (d. 139H) and Mixing with the People of Deviation

Tags
ض abdul-ghaniyy al-maqdisi abdullaah bin zubayr al-humaidee abdul-majeed az-zindani abdul-qadir al-jeelaanee abu bakr al-ismaa'eelee abu bakr al-isma'ili abu hanifah abu ja'far al-tawahi abu yusuf abul-hasan alee ad-daraqutnee accounting ad-daraqutni ahl ul-kitaab ahmad ahmad bin hanbal ahmad ibn hanbal al-bannah al-barbahaaree al-fawzaan al-hisaab al-humaidi al-humaydee al-ikhwaan al-muslimeen al-istiwaa al-jihah allaah's speech al-laalikaa'ee al-mareesee al-meezaan al-qadaa wal-qadar al-qadar al-qusree al-sa'dee al-uluww al-walaa wal-baraa an-najmee aqidah ar-radd alal-jahmiyyah asbaab assim al-hakeem as-siraat astronomy atheism atheists barbahaaree barbahari belief in allaah bid'ah big bang bishr bridge companions cosmology creation creed daniel dennet darwinism disbelief divine decree early ash'aris eemaan endless chain evolution faith faith in allaah fawzan firaq gospel hamza tzortzis hisaab history ibn abee duwaad ibn battah al-ukbaree ibn dirham ibn safwaan ibn taymiyyah iera iftiraaq ihsaan ikhwaan imaam ahmad imaan imam mahdi injeel innovations innovators irjaa' islaam ismaa'eel bin yahyaa al-muzanee ja'd jahm jahmiyyah jihah kalam cosmological argument khilaafah kingship kufr kullaabiyyah laamiyyah ibn taymiyyah magians mahdi majoos meezaan moon travel mu'tazilah new atheists nuzool ordainment people of the book predestination qadar qadariyyah quran qur'an richard dawkins ru'yah sahaabah sam harris scales scrolls sharh usool i'tiqaad sharh usool i'tiqaad ahlis-sunnah wal-jamaa'ah sharh usoolil-i'tiqaad ahlis-sunnah wal-jamaa'ah sharh us-sunnah sharhus-sunnah sifaat siraat suhuf suroor surooree taaloot tableegh tadmuriyyah tafarruq tahaawiyyah tajahhum tasalsul tawheed tawhid tawrat torah twelve khalifahs usool us-sunnah ways and means yasir qadhi yoonus ibn ubaid yoonus ibn 'ubaid zaboor

Archives
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009


© Aqidah.Com. All rights reserved.
Maktabah Salafiyyah